getmail - retrieve messages from one or more POP3, IMAP4, or SDPS mailboxes and deliver to a maildir, mboxrd-format mbox file, or external MDA. MDA_external (deliver through an arbitrary external MDA). MultiSorter (deliver to a selection of maildirs/mbox files based on matching. Official documentation for getmail version 6, an extensible MDA_external — use an external message delivery agent (MDA) to deliver messages. STEP 2 JUST LIKE HOME WORKBENCH
Do any. See the Maildir class for a good, simple example. Child process; any error must cause us to exit nonzero for parent. Config specifies delivery as user other than current UID. Note the differences between various subtypes of mbox format mboxrd, mboxo,. Open mbox file, refusing to create it if it doesn't exist.
Not an mbox file; abort here. Seek to end. Write out message plus blank line with native EOL. Reset atime. Not root or owner; readers will not be able to reliably. But you shouldn't be delivering to. If the file was opened and we know how long it was,. If it's already closed, or the error occurred at. Passes the message to qmail-local for delivery. Parameters all optional :. If supplied,. Defaults to the home directory of the current. Defaults to ".
Defaults to "-". If supplied, the retrieved message. This may. Inappropriate use, however, may cause message loops. The default is not to allow such. For example, if getmail is run as user "exampledotorg", which has virtual. Modify message. Also don't insert a Delivered-To: header.
Write out message. Set stdin to read from this file. Set stdout and stderr to write to files. At least some security Defaults to False. The following replacements are available if. Will be empty for POP. Warning: the text of these replacements is taken from the.
This requires that the main getmail process. This requires that the main getmail. The default is False. Write out message with native EOL convention. User said to ignore stderr, just log it. Sub-classes must provide the following attributes and methods:. Logger instance. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email.
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|Getmail mda external||They will be run in collated order, so it's likely simplest to name them like this: [filter-1] [filter-2] [filter-3] Begin with the section header line as follows: [filter- something ] Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of filter. This commit does not belong to any branch on this repository, and may belong to a fork outside of the repository. If you instead want to do some basic message sorting based on getmail's best guess as to getmail mda external envelope recipient of the message, see the MultiGuesser destination class below. Raise getmailConfigurationError on errors. I was called out of town for work at the beginning of November and had to let this rest. For example, if the envelope sender address is sender-something host.|
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Note that the password parameter in the example configuration above overrides this parameter; specify one or the other, not both. Most people will like to add the following section to their getmailrc to prevent all the mail on the server being downloaded every time getmail is ran. For this guide we will be storing our mail in the maildir format. The two main mailbox formats are mbox and maildir.
The main difference between the two is that mbox is one file, with all of your mails and their headers stored in it, whereas a maildir is a directory tree. Each mail is its own file, which will often speed things up. A maildir is just a folder with the folders cur , new and tmp in it.
Now, run getmail. Type crontab -e to edit cronjobs, and enter the following:. Also, to quiet getmail down, we can reduce its verbosity to zero by adding the following to getmailrc. By default, when you run getmail the program searches for the file getmailrc created as seen above. If you have more than one mail account you would like to get mail from, then you can create such a file for each email address, and then tell getmail to run using both of them.
Obviously if you have two accounts and two files you cannot have both of them called getmailrc. If you are retrieving your company's mail from a domain POP3 mailbox for delivery to multiple local users, you might use a retriever configuration like this:.
The destination section of the rc file tells getmail what to do with retrieved messages. Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of mail destination this is. The Maildir destination delivers to a qmail-style maildir. The maildir must already exist, and must contain all of the subdirectories required by the maildir format. If you're not familiar with the maildir format, the requirements in a nutshell are: it must be a directory containing three writable subdirectories cur , new , and tmp , and they must all reside on the same filesystem.
The Mboxrd destination delivers to an mboxrd-format mbox file with either fcntl-type lockf or flock-type file locking. The file must already exist and appear to be a valid mboxrd file before getmail will try to deliver to it — getmail will not create the file if it does not exist. If you want to create a new mboxrd file for getmail to use, simply create a completely empty 0-byte file. You must ensure that all other programs accessing any the mbox file expect mboxrd-format mbox files and the same type of file locking that you configure getmail to use; failure to do so can cause mbox corruption.
If you do not know what type of file locking your system expects, ask your system administrator. If you are the system administrator and don't know what type of file locking your system expects, do not use Mboxrd files; use Maildirs instead. Some typical MDAs include maildrop and procmail. MultiDestination doesn't do any message deliveries itself; instead, it lets you specify a list of one or more other destinations which it will pass each message to.
You can use this to deliver each message to several different destinations. A destination is a string that refers to another configuration file section by name shortcuts for maildirs and mboxrd files are also provided; see below , like this:. Because Maildir and Mboxrd destinations are common, you can specify them directly as a shortcut if they do not require a user parameter. If the string after expansion; see below starts with a dot or slash and ends with a slash, it specifies the path of a Maildir destination, while if it starts with a dot or a slash and does not end with a slash, it specifies the path of a Mboxrd destination.
Of course, the whole point of MultiDestination is to allow you to specify multiple destinations, like this:. MultiSorter compares the envelope recipient address of messages against a list of user-supplied regular expressions and delivers the message to the destination maildir, mboxrd file, or other associated with any matching patterns. A message can match multiple patterns and therefore be delivered to multiple matching destinations.
Any message which matches none of the patterns is delivered to a default destination for the postmaster. Because MultiSorter requires the envelope recipient to operate, it must be used with a domain mailbox retriever.
If you instead want to do some basic message sorting based on getmail's best guess as to the envelope recipient of the message, see the MultiGuesser destination class below. Note that if you don't understand regular expressions, you don't need to worry about it. In general, an email address is a regular expression that matches itself. Handy hints:.
MultiGuesser tries to guess what the envelope recipient address of the message might have been, by comparing addresses found in the message header against a list of user-supplied regular expressions, and delivers the message to the destination maildir, mboxrd file, or other associated with any matching patterns.
In this fashion, you can do basic mail filtering and sorting with getmail without using an external filtering message delivery agent MDA such as maildrop or procmail , if and only if the message recipient is the criteria you want to filter on. If you want to filter based on arbitrary message critera, like "What address is in the To: header field? MultiGuesser is similar to MultiSorter , except that it does not operate on the true envelope recipient address, and therefore does not require a domain mailbox retriever.
Because it is "guessing" at the intended recipient of the message based on the contents of the message header, it is fallible — for instance, the address of a recipient of a mailing list message may not appear in the header of the message at all. If your locals regular expression patterns are only looking for that address, MultiGuesser will then have to deliver it to the destination specified as the default recipient.
This functionality is very similar to the guessing functionality of getmail version 2, which was removed in version 3. MultiGuesser extracts a list of addresses from the message header like this:. If you have a simple POP3 account i. See MultiSorter above for other examples of getmail rc usage; the only difference is the type parameter specifying the MultiGuesser destination. If you're not already familiar with qmail, you don't need to use this destination class. The optional options section of the rc file can be used to alter getmail's default behaviour.
The parameters supported in this section are as follows:. To configure getmail to operate quietly, to retrieve only new mail, to delete messages after retrieving them, and to log its actions to a file, you could provide the following in your getmail rc file s :. The filter- something section s of the rc file which are not required tell getmail to process messages in some way after retrieving them, but before delivering them to your destinations.
Filters can tell getmail to drop a message i. You can specify any number of filters; provide a separate rc file section for each, naming each of them filter- something. They will be run in collated order, so it's likely simplest to name them like this:. Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of filter. By default, if a filter writes anything to stderr , getmail will consider the delivery to have encountered an error.
You must configure any filter you use not to emit messages to stderr except on errors — please see the documentation for your filter program for details. As TMDA relies on the message envelope, this filter requires the use of a multidrop retriever class to function.
I would appreciate any feedback about its use from TMDA users. You might filter spam messages in your MUA based on information added to the message header by a spam-classification program. You could have that information added to the message header with a filter configuration like this:. You might use a program to prevent users from accidentally destroying their data by stripping suspected attachments from messages.
You might use TMDA to challenge messages from unknown senders. If the default parameters are fine for your configuration, this is as simple as:. Several examples of different getmail rc configuration are available in the included file getmailrc-examples.
In addition, the following commandline options can be used to override any values specified in the [options] section of the getmail rc files:. Then run getmail as follows:. If those files were located in a directory other than the default, and you wanted to use that directory for storing the data files as well, you could run getmail as follows:.
It reads the mail message from stdin, and delivers it to a maildir path provided as an argument on the commandline. This path must after expansion by the shell, if applicable start with a dot or slash and end with a slash. The default is to operate silently unless an error occurs. You could deliver a message to a maildir named Maildir located in your home directory by running the following command with the message on stdin:.
It reads the mail message from stdin, and delivers it to an mbox path provided as an argument on the commandline. This path must after expansion by the shell, if applicable start with a dot or slash and not end with a slash. You could deliver a message to an mboxrd-format mbox file named inbox located in a directory named mail in your home directory by running the following command with the message on stdin:. It is primarily intended for use in automated or scripted environments, but can be used to retrieve mail normally.
Table of Contents getmail documentation version 6 getmail documentation Features Requirements Obtaining getmail Installing getmail getmail configuration version 6 Configuring getmail Creating a getmail rc file Parameter types and formats string integer boolean tuple of quoted strings tuple of integers tuple of 2-tuples Creating the [retriever] section What is a "multidrop" mailbox? How do I know if I have one?
Configuring getmail How do I … Using getmail with other software I think I found this bug in getmail … Configuring getmail Once getmail is installed , you need to configure it before you can retrieve mail with it. If you choose a different location, you will need to specify it on the getmail command line.
In general, other users should not be able to read the contents of this directory, so you should set the permissions on it appropriately. The default name is getmailrc. If you choose a different filename, you will need to specify it on the getmail command line. If you want to retrieve mail from more than one mail account, you will need to create a separate rc file for each account getmail should retrieve mail from.
Creating a getmail rc file The configuration file format is designed to be easy to understand both for getmail, and for the user. Parameter types and formats Several different types of parameters are used in getmail rc files: string integer boolean tuple of quoted strings tuple of integers tuple of 2-tuples Each parameter type has a specific format that must be used to represent it in the getmail rc file.
Begin with the section header line as follows: [retriever] Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of mail retriever to use to retrieve mail from this account. What is a "multidrop" mailbox? If the message incorrectly already contained such a header field, it must be deleted before the envelope sender address is recorded.
These may be named various things, but are commonly Delivered-To , X-Envelope-To , and similar values. In the case of messages which had multiple recipients in the domain, this must be a single address, reflecting the particular recipient of this copy of the message. Note that this field and the envelope recipient address are not related to informational header fields created by the originating MUA, like To or cc. Common retriever parameters All retriever types take several common required parameters: server string — the name or IP address of the server to retrieve mail from username string — username to provide when logging in to the mail server All retriever types also take several optional parameters: port integer — the TCP port number to connect to.
If not provided, the default is a port appropriate for the protocol for POP3, etc. If this option is not recognized, your Python installation does not have Python keyring. The program must write the password and nothing else to stdout, and must exit with a status of 0 on success. Note that the password parameter above overrides this parameter; specify one or the other, not both.
This parameter is specified as the program to run as the first string in the tuple, and all remaining strings are arguments passed to that program. Consult your server's documentation or postmaster if you're unsure what form your server uses. If your mailbox names contain non-ASCII characters, ensure that your getmailrc file is stored with UTF-8 encoding so that getmail can correctly determine the unicode character names that need to be quoted in IMAP's modified UTF-7 encoding; if you do not do this, the mailbox names will not match what the server expects them to be, or will cause UnicodeErrors when attempting to load your getmailrc file.
As a special case, in getmail version 4. Versions of getmail prior to 4. The specified mail folder must exist; getmail will not create it. Note that if you configure getmail not to delete retrieved messages the default behaviour , they will not be moved at all.
This is on by default, but can be disabled. If not set, normal password-based authenticaion is used. Note that when you use Kerberos authentication, it is up to you to ensure you have a valid Kerberos ticket perhaps by running a ticket-renewing agent such as kstart or similar.
This is currently only supported with Gmail; if anyone extends this to support other IMAP providers, please let me know so I can include such support in getmail. This functionality was contributed by Stefan Krah, who has additional information about using it here. SSL Client Parameters All SSL-enabled retriever types also take the following options, to allow specifying the use of a particular client key and client certificate in establishing a connection to the server.
Specify the path to a PEM-formatted list of 1 or more valid and trusted root certification authority CA certificates. Note: this option is only available with Python 2. Root certificates are not supplied with getmail; your OS probably installs a set by default for use by the system, or you may wish to use a specific set of trusted root certificates provided by your employer or a trusted third party. See the Open SSL documentation for details.
If the specified setting results in no possible ciphers available, getmail will abort the connection. Another useful value is probably "sslv3". The available option values are taken from the Python ssl module. Note that this option exists only to help in connecting certain legacy, out-of-date, broken servers; most users should not specify this option at all.
Using this option without knowing what you are doing can reduce the effectiveness of your encrypted connection. Supply a list of one or more SHA certificate fingerprints, and getmail will confirm whether the server's certificate fingerprint is in the list of allowed fingerprints; if it is not, getmail will abort the connection.
Getmail will log the fingerprint of the server's certificate if you supply the --fingerprint commandline option. Specify this if the name used to connect to the server is known not to match the hostname in the server's certificate; otherwise, getmail will error out with a hostname mismatch.
This is not supported by many POP3 servers. The default is False. If not specified, the default is seconds. You may need to increase this value in particularly poor networking conditions. Begin with the section header line as follows: [destination] Then, include a type string parameter to tell getmail what type of mail destination this is.
The possible values are: Maildir — deliver all messages to a local qmail-style maildir Mboxrd — deliver all messages to a local mboxrd-format mbox file with fcntl-type locking. Typical MDAs include maildrop , procmail , and others. MultiDestination — unconditionally deliver messages to multiple destinations maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations. MultiSorter — sort messages according to the envelope recipient requires a domain mailbox retriever and deliver to a variety of maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations based on regular expressions matching the recipient address of each message.
Messages not matching any of the regular expressions are delivered to a default "postmaster" destination. MultiGuesser — sort messages according to getmail's best guess at what the envelope recipient of the message might have been, and deliver to a variety of maildirs, mbox files, external MDAs, or other destinations based on regular expressions matching those addresses.
Maildir The Maildir destination delivers to a qmail-style maildir. Note that this typically requires root privileges. Note that the current umask is masked out of the given value at file creation time. The default value, which should be appropriate for most users, is "".
Mboxrd The Mboxrd destination delivers to an mboxrd-format mbox file with either fcntl-type lockf or flock-type file locking. The Mboxrd destination takes one required parameter: path string — the path to the mbox file.
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